• P-ISSN2233-4203
  • E-ISSN2093-8950

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  • P-ISSN 2233-4203
  • E-ISSN 2093-8950

Simultaneous Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometric Determination of 35 Prohibited Substances in Equine Plasma for Doping Control

Mass Spectrometry Letters, (P)2233-4203; (E)2093-8950
2022, v.13 no.4, pp.158-165
https://doi.org/10.5478/MSL.2022.13.4.158
Kwak Young Beom (Korea Racing Authority)
Yu Jundong (Korea Racing Authority)
Yoo Hye Hyun (Hanyang University)
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Abstract

Many therapeutic class drugs such as beta-blocker, corticosteroids, NSAIDs, etc are prohibited substances in the horse racing industry. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) technology makes it possible to isolate drugs from interference, enables various drug analyses in complex biological samples due to its sensitive sensitivity, and has been successfully applied to doping control. In this paper, we describe a rapid and sensitive method based on solid-phase extraction (SPE) using solid phase cartridge and LC–MS/MS to screen for different class’s 35 drug targets in equine plasma. Plasma samples were pretreated by SPE with the NEXUS cartridge consisted non-polar carbon resin and minimum buffer sol- vent. Chromatographic separation of the analytes was performed on ACQUITY HSS C18 column (2.1 × 150 mm, 1.8 µm). The elution gradient was conducted with 5 mM ammonium formate (pH 3.0) in distilled water and 0.1% formic acid in acetonitrile at a flow rate of 0.25 mL/min. The selected reaction monitoring (SRM) mode was used for drug screening with multiple transitions in the positive ionization mode. The specificity, limit of detection, recovery, and stability was evaluated for validation. The method was found to be sensitive and reproducible for drug screening. The method was applied to plasma sample analysis for the proficiency test from the Association of Racing Chemist.

keywords
Doping control Equine plasma LC–MS⁄MS


Submission Date
2022-12-04
Revised Date
2022-12-21
Accepted Date
2022-12-23
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